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Bilateral - Introduction

Introduction to International Regulation

  • The Operation of international scheduled flights with traffic rights to and from Pakistan is conducted in accordance with the bilateral air services agreement (ASA). The ASA, which is concluded at the aeronautical authorities level between two contracting states, clearly defines the rights/obligations of the designated airlines of the two countries and also determines the frequency of the flights to be allowed to each carrier along with the routes to be flown and the capacity, i.e. the number of passengers or the quantum of cargo/mail to be carried by each carrier. These rights, referred to as traffic rights, are normally governed by the principle of reciprocity, although it is up to the aeronautical authorities of the contracting states to agree to any variation. Pakistan has concluded some 94 bilateral air services agreements to date.
  • As the traffic rights exercised by the designated airlines under the ASA need to be reviewed from time to time in the light of changing circumstances and market conditions in the aviation industry, bilateral consultations at the aeronautical authorities level become necessary for negotiating new technical and operating conditions and effecting amendments or modifications in the existing legal framework.
  • The International Regulation (IR) branch of the Directorate of Air Transport and Economic Regulations regulates the operations of airlines to/from Pakistan, including both Pakistan national and foreign airlines
  • IR ensures that operating rights to/from Pakistan, when granted to foreign states and their respective airlines are granted maintaining a balance between National interests, Economic Benefits and Pakistan airspace utilization.
  • Grant of operating rights to/from Pakistan to foreign airlines is made keeping in mind the reciprocal benefits for Pakistan national airlines.
  • IR branch negotiates and concludes Air Services Agreements (ASA) that govern international operations to/from Pakistan
  • In a broad perspective, IR branch works to safeguard the interests of Pakistan national airlines while keeping in view the economic benefits that may be availed by Pakistan through international operations while at the same time, striving to provide the users of international air transport services added convenience and flexibility

Major Highlights

  • In the year 2014-15, an estimated total of 11,756,181 international passengers travelled to/from Pakistan.
  • At the present, 20 foreign airlines are operating to/from Pakistan and 87 airlines are overflying Pakistan airspace.
  • Emirates Airlines, Qatar Airways, Gulf Air and Air Arabia commenced operations to/from Multan International Airport.
  • Air Arabia, Fly Dubai, Gulf Air and Qatar Airways commenced operations to/from Faisalabad Airport
  • Air Arabia and Fly Dubai commenced operations to/from Quetta Airport
  • Mihin lanka airline commenced code share operations with Sri Lankan airlines to Pakistan.
  • Alitalia commenced code share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • Malaysian Airlines commenced code share with Sri Lankan Airlines to Pakistan.
  • American Airlines commenced code-share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • Air Serbia commenced code-share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • Air Berlin Airlines commenced code-share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • South African Airways commenced code-share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • Virgin Australia commenced code share operations with Etihad Airways to Pakistan.
  • Air Mauritius commenced code-share operations with Emirates Airlines to Pakistan.
  • PIA has entered into code share operation with Etihad Airways.

Air Services Agreements with Foreign Countries

Pakistan has Air Services Agreements with 97 Countries.

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